Porter Neuroscience Research Center

Porter Neuroscience Research Center – National Institutes of Health – Bethesda, Maryland

The following is the latest research and have contributed to the ideas and practices discussed in OSR. Please let us know at if you encounter any broken links so we can keep them updated.


Coming soon…


[1] J Rehabil Res Dev. 2008;45(2):261-72.
Skeletal muscle changes after hemiparetic stroke and potential beneficial effects of exercise intervention strategies.
Hafer-Macko CE, Ryan AS, Ivey FM, Macko RF.

[2] Nigam, Y. et al (2009)
Effects of bedrest 3: musculoskeletal and immune systems, and skin. NursingTimes; 105; 23, early online publication.



Coming soon…


[1] Clin Rehabil. 2002 Aug;16(5):51522.
Prevalence of spasticity post stroke.
Watkins CL, Leathley MJ, Gregson JM, Moore AP, Smith TL, Sharma AK

[2] Stroke. 2004 Jan;35(1):1349.
Epub 2003 Dec 18.
Spasticity after stroke: its occurrence and association with motor impairments and activity limitations.
Sommerfeld DK, Eek EU, Svensson AK, Holmqvist LW, von Arbin MH.

[3] Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2012 Sep;91(9):81420.
Spasticity after stroke: an overview of prevalence, test instruments, and treatments.
Sommerfeld DK, Gripenstedt U, Welmer AK.

[4] Physiother Can.  2010 Fall;  62(4): 388–396.
The Effect of Modified Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy on Spasticity and Motor Function of the Affected Arm in Patients with Chronic Stroke.
A. Siebers,  U. Öberg, and  E. Skargren


[1] Can the damaged brain repair itself? Yes, and recent breakthroughs in stem cell research says there is considerable potential to fortify the brain’s natural healing mechanisms. Excellent talk on treating brain damage from disease and stroke 


Coming soon…

Living for Full Recovery

[1] Fractured Sleep Exacts a Heavy Toll

[2] Is Glutamine Supplementation Helpful or Harmful?

[3] Protecting the Brain from a Glutamate Storm

[4] Apple:

[5] Amazon:

[6] New AHA/ASA Statement on Physical Activity After Stroke

[7] AVERT: Very Early Exercise Safe Following Acute Stroke

[8] High-Intensity, Repetitive Rehabilitation Improves Function, Quality of Life in Chronic Stroke Patients

[9] High-Impact Exercise Reduces Stroke Risk

[10] Inactivity May Cause More Heart Disease Than Smoking

[11] Patterns of Initiation of Oral Anticoagulants in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation – Quality and Cost Implications –

[12] How Medical Care Is Being Corrupted, Pamela Hartzband and Jerome Groupman – Nov. 18, 2014 –

[13] Is there any room for individuality in medicine?

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